Uses of groups, application and supervision requirements

Many types of groups have been developed during the past century. The Specialists in Group Work Association (2000) has classified groups into four categories:

 

  • Work/Task Group
  • Psychoeducational
  • Group Counselling
  • Group Therapy

See table below...

Type of group Target group that benefits most Resources used within the group Participants who are excluded from the group Group focus Minimum supervision requirements
Work/task groups
  • Organisational teams
  • Management
  • General community - i.e. social, craft & play groups
  • Educational
  • Recreational
  • Anti-social behaviours
  • Activities
  • Training
  • Task
  • Organisational issues
At least 3 hours supervision per 8 week group program, at the beginning, middle and termination phases of the group
Psychoeducational groups
  • General population
  • Adolescents and children
  • Carers of people with disabilities
  • Parents
  • Educational
  • Pre-written programs
  • Pre-post measures to evaluate change
  • Anti-social behaviours
  • Active psychosis
  • Education
  • Support
  • Discussion
  • Self-help
At least 3 hours supervision per 8 week group program, at the beginning, middle and termination phases of the group
Counselling groups
  • General population experiencing crisis or life transition
  • Discussion of life experiences
  • Some educational focus.
  • Use of immediacy
  • Active psychosis
  • Growth and experiential
  • Counselling
  • Discussion
  • Support
At least 1 hour supervision every 2 sessions for the duration of group
Group Therapy
  • General population experiencing crisis or life transition
  • Participants who had negative life experiences
  • Experiences
  • Use of immediacy
  • Interventions to modify negative life experiences
  • Active psychosis
  • Therapy
  • Discussion of life experiences
  • Discussion of early family life
At least 1 hour supervision every 1 or 2 sessions for the duration of group